From Pseudoscience to the Real Thing
a trip through multidimensional spaces
"You can find magic in places you never thought to look"
Vandana Shiva
Magic: seemingly requiring more than human power.
Meriam Webster Dictionary
Study Newton's laws of motion from a river raft trip.You can find magic in places you never hought to look.Entropy has many facets -- waste products being most salient.Five levels of abstraction -- perception to magicInformation is the currency of human interaction with the world.What is logically wrong with this drawing?
Magic in science
Multidimensional maps
Pseudoscience is simply "science" that doesn't work.

It's those beliefs that are oblivious to those magical discoveries of the past several centuries which revealed to a lot of people that people had been looking in the wrong places for answers to their questions.

ONE winner.
One winning ticket
68,264,008 losers
 68,264,008 losers

Some people know how to make the lottery work for them?


Note that science searches constantly and diligently for disproofs

Pseudoscience, on the other hand, lives more in the dreamy world of advertising hype--find a confirming bit of evidence, and that's good enough.  Often, a mere suggestion is enough: evidence be damned!

This profound oversimplification of pseudoscientific thinking belongs high on any list of differences between science and pseudoscience.

  • Science seeks disproofs.
  • Science separates relevance from irrelevance.
  • Science effectively deals with networks of cause and effect.
  • Science thinks in many-dimensional spaces.
Magic is those things which people do that seem beyond human powers.

Science seems magical because it's practiced by people who have discovered how to look in certain places people hadn't thought to look into for all those many millennia (before Newton's time).

ONE winner.

Hundreds of people answered the question, "Should you stay or switch?"  And then they put a filbert nut into one of the four tubes you see in the picture.  They were betting on something, and one of the pairs of tubes was for "Stay", the other pair for "Switch."  Within each pair one tube was for. "I won!", the other for, "I lost."

Here's the whole question:
A hustler presents you with three boxes into one of which he places a valuable prize, but you don't know which one.  You get to choose one box and keep the prize if it's there.  You choose, but he doesn't tell you if you won.  Instead, he says to you "I'm going to open one of the boxes and show you what's inside."  He does (and you see that there's nothing inside), and then says, "Now, would you like to stay with your first choice, or would you like to switch."

For four years, the hundreds of filbert plunkers filled the tubes in the same way, the same ratios of switch to stay (that's determined by how well people saw what was going on), and the same ratios of win to lose (that's determined by the magic of statistics).

How were the four tubes labeled?

Human insight must stretch when trying to imagine the multidimensional.

Lines, but not spaces, are easy to understand.  Spaces tax our perceptions, our imaginations, our metaphors, and our mathematics.

  Protanopic                            Normal

Color spaces

You can find magic in places you never thought to look.You can find magic in places you never hought to look.You can find magic in places you never thought to look.
A PBS science program once suggested that this is the way to depict: 1) normal human color; 2) total colorblindenss; and 3) colorblindness caused by one type of color cone being missing.

They didn't understand the dimensions of color.  The third picture is one-dimensional, not two-dimensional!

You can find magic in places you never thought to look.The 2-D color of protanopia (no red-sensitive cones.)


You can find magic in places you never thought to look.
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Multiple Dimensions